The Neotropical species of Xanthopimpla Saussure (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2014
Authors:I. C. GÓMEZ, Sääksjärvi, I. E., Broad, G. R., Puhakka, L., Castillo, C., Peña, C., Padua, D. G.
Journal:Zootaxa
Volume:3774
Issue:1
Start Page:57
Pagination:57-73
Date Published:4 march 2014
Keywords:Amazonia, Brazil, ecuador, French Guiana, idiobiont, new species, parasitoids, Peru, taxonomy
Abstract:

<p>Xanthopimpla Saussure, 1892 is one of the largest and best studied genera of the family Ichneumonidae. It is most species rich in the Oriental and Afrotropical regions with only a few species occurring in Central and South America. The present study reviews the Neotropical species of the genus including descriptions of four new species from Amazonia and Northeast South America. We define a new species group: the amazonica species-group, to accommodate the following five species: X. amazonica G&oacute;mez, S&auml;&auml;ksj&auml;rvi &amp; Veijalainen, X. guianensis G&oacute;mez &amp; S&auml;&auml;ksj&auml;rvi <strong>sp. n.</strong>, X. jussilai Veijalainen, S&auml;&auml;ksj&auml;rvi &amp; Broad, X. pucallpensis G&oacute;mez &amp; S&auml;&auml;ksj&auml;rvi <strong>sp. n.</strong> and X. vidali G&oacute;mez <strong>sp. n</strong>. The aurita species-group, which had hitherto been regarded as the only species-group in the Neotropical region, is currently represented by five species: X. allpahuaya G&oacute;mez &amp; S&auml;&auml;ksj&auml;rvi <strong>sp. n.</strong>, X. aurita Krieger, X. craspedoptera Krieger, X. rhabdomera Townes and X. spiloptera Krieger. The Andean species X. peruana Krieger is established as an unplaced species outside of the amazonica and aurita species-groups. A key to Neotropical species-groups and species of Xanthopimpla is provided. Xanthopimpla aurita is recorded for the first time from Ecuador and Colombia and its extensive distribution is discussed. Xanthopimpla amazonica, X. craspedoptera and X. jussilai are recorded for the first time from Brazil; X. amazonica is recorded for the first time from French Guiana; X. spiloptera is recorded for the first time from French Guiana and Peru, and X. rhabdomera is recorded for the first time from Peru.</p>

DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.3774.1.4
Refereed Designation:Refereed
Mon, 2014-03-24 08:54 -- YBRAET
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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith